Wat Chao Am temple in thailand, Bang Khun Non Subdistrict Bangkok Noi Bangkok Under the Maha Nikaya Sangha It is a Rat temple with an area of 12 rai. It was built in 1779 as a temple built by King Taksin the Great to dedicate a merit to his concubine named Am or Chao Am, who was mistaken for adultery with a man. and ordered death On the day that the temple was built Big Prang Kong to contain the ashes of Concubine Arm
The Senasana building consists of 1 chapel inside enshrining the principal Buddha image. It is a Buddha image in the subduing Mara posture with a lap face of 3 cubits, cast with metal, is a Buddha image in the U-Thong period. And there is also Luang Pho To, with a lap face of 3 cubits, with a viharn, a pavilion and monks.
Thailand– or the official name Kingdom of Thailand as name ประเทศไทย It is a nation state located on the Indochina and Malay peninsula. in Southeast Asia It has an eastern border with Laos and Cambodia. The south borders Malaysia and the Gulf of Thailand. West borders the Andaman Sea and Burma. and the north borders Burma and Laos The Mekong River is blocked in some parts. ruled by a parliamentary democracy There is a center for government administration in Bangkok. and regional governance organized into 76 provinces.
Thailand is the 50th largest in the world with an area of 513,115 square kilometers. And has the 20th largest population in the world, which is about 66 million people, and is also a new industrial country. Its main income is from industry and service sectors. Thailand has many famous tourist destinations such as Pattaya, Phuket, Bangkok and Chiang Mai which generate income for the country. as well as exports that play an important role in the development of the country’s economy and GDP. Which is worth about 334,026 million US dollars. As estimated in 2010, Thailand’s economy is the 30th largest in the world.
In the territory of Thailand Found evidence of humans who are as old as five hundred thousand years. Historians often regard the Sukhothai Kingdom as the starting point of Thai history. which later fell under the influence of the Ayutthaya Kingdom which is greater and have contact with western nations The Ayutthaya Kingdom lasted for 417 years, and it was completely deteriorated and collapsed. Somdej Phra Krung Thon Buri restored independence and established the Thonburi Kingdom. The events of chaos at the end of the empire leading to the era of the Chakri dynasty of Rattanakosin.
Early in the city, the country faced threats from neighboring nations. but after the reign of King Mongkut Western nations have become very influential in the region. leading to becoming a party to many treaties And the loss of some territories, however, Thailand did not maintain itself as a colony of any nation until during the First World War. Thailand joined the Allies and in 1932 there was a revolution that changed from absolute monarchy to democracy. and Thailand joined the Axis during World War II. until the cold war Thailand has a policy of alliance with the United States. The military took a huge role in Thai politics after decades of the Siamese Revolution. until the establishment of a civilian government and enter the era of today's free world.
Thailand has an area of approximately 513,115 square kilometers. It is the 50th largest in the world and the 3rd largest in Southeast Asia. It is second only to Indonesia (1,910,931 km.2) and Myanmar (676,578 km.2) and is the closest in size to Spain (505,370 km.2).
Thailand has a diverse landscape. The north region is a complex high mountain area. The highest point in Thailand is Doi Inthanon at 2,565 meters above sea level. It is also covered by forests, which are important watersheds of the country. The northeastern region is mainly the area of the Korat Plateau. The condition of the soil is quite arid and not very conducive to cultivation. The Chao Phraya River is formed by the Ping and Yom rivers that converge at Pak Nam Pho. Nakhon Sawan Province This makes the central region the most fertile river plain in the country. And is regarded as one of the world's important rice growing areas, the southern part is part of the Thai-Malay peninsula. flanked by the sea on both sides There is a narrowing point at the Kra Isthmus and then expands into the Malay Peninsula. The western part is the valleys and mountain ranges that lie from the western part of the North.
The Chao Phraya River and the Mekong River are important agricultural areas of Thailand. The agro-industrial production relies on the produce harvested from both rivers and their tributaries. The Gulf of Thailand has an area of approximately 320,000 square kilometers. support the water that flows from the Chao Phraya River Mae Klong River Bang Pakong River and the Tapi River It is considered a tourist attraction. Due to the shallow waters along the southern coast and the Kra Isthmus, the Gulf of Thailand is also the industrial center of the country. because there is a main port at Sattahip It can be considered as the gateway to other ports in Bangkok. The southern region has many tourist attractions which attract a lot of tourists. Tourists always come to visit. from Phuket Krabi Province, Ranong Province, Phang Nga Province, Trang Province and islands along the coast of the Andaman Sea.
Thailand is divided into 6 regions, each of which has different geographical features as follows: Northern region has high mountains, the highest point is Doi Inthanon, which is an important watershed Northeast (ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ) Most of them are arid plateaus. Not conducive to cultivation. Central region is the Chao Phraya River Basin with the most fertility. The southern region is on both sides of the sea. The narrowest point is the Kra Isthmus. The eastern region has a smooth white coastline and a concave curve.
The western region is valleys and mountain ranges. North borders Myanmar and Laos. West borders the Andaman Sea and Myanmar. East borders with Laos and Cambodia. South borders the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia.
Thailand’s climate is tropical. or savannah With an average temperature of 18-34 °C and an average annual rainfall of more than 1,500 mm. Can be divided into 3 seasons: between February and April is the summer. Between May and October is the rainy season. Thailand is influenced by the southwest monsoon from the South China Sea and tropical cyclones. From November to mid-March is winter. Thailand is influenced by the northeast monsoon from China. The southern part has a rainforest climate. which is hot and humid all year round Therefore, it can be divided into 2 seasons, which are rainy and hot seasons. Summer is from May to September. and the west coast Summer is from November to April.
Thailand has a constitutional monarchy form of state. and use parliamentary democracy or the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand collectively referred to as Democracy with the King as Head of State The current constitution is the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, BE 2550 (2007), which is the 18th edition, which defines the three parts of the organization to manage powers as follows:
legislative power There is a parliament in a bicameral system. which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, with a total of 630 members, is a power management organization The President of the National Assembly is the head of power.
Chiang Mai as name “จังหวัดเชียงใหม่” It is a province in the north of Thailand. It covers an area of approximately 20,107 square kilometers. Which is the second largest in the country with a population of about 1.76 million people, the fifth largest in the country, of which 960,000 people live in urban and suburban areas.
Chiang Mai has an urban area that is the second largest city in Thailand (ประเทศไทย) after Bangkok (กรุงเทพ). With a population of 960,906 in urban and suburban areas (2010), Chiang Mai Province is divided into 25 districts, with Mueang Chiang Mai District as the center of the province. 25th of the province and number 878 of the country, which is the latest district of Thailand.
Chiang Mai has a long history. It used to be the capital of the Lanna Kingdom since ancient times, with “Kham Muang” in the local language. It is unique in terms of traditions and culture. And there are many tourist attractions. by starting to act as a creative city and was declared the world’s creative city for handicrafts and folk arts in 2017. Currently, it is considering applying for a UNESCO World Heritage City. Chiang Mai is also regarded as the astronomical center of Southeast Asia, which is home to the National Observatory and the National Astronomical Park.
Chiang Mai Province has an area of 20,107.057 square kilometers, or approximately 12,566,911 rai, with an area that is the largest in the North and the 2nd in the country after Nakhon Ratchasima. The topography is generally mountainous and scrubland. There is a plain in the middle along both sides of the Ping River. The highest mountain in Thailand is Doi Inthanon, about 2,565 meters high, in Chom Thong district. There are also several other mountains that have a lower height such as Doi Pha Hom Pok (Fang District), 2,285 meters high, Doi Luang Chiang Dao (Chiang Dao District) height 2,170 meters Doi Suthep (Mueang Chiang Mai District) height 1,601 meters, the area can be divided into 2 types:
Mountain area, accounting for approximately 80 percent of the province, consists of the Inthanon Mountain Range. (Or Thanon Thongchai East) is located in the west of the province. stretching from north to south Along the border with Mae Hong Son Province and the Khun Tan mountain range which is located in the east of the province Passing in the north-south.Most of the mountainous areas are forested upstream. unsuitable for cultivation Some areas are inhabited areas of various ethnic hill tribes.
Alluvial plains and hilly plains Distributed throughout the valley stretching in the north-south line, including the Ping River Basin, Fang River Basin, Mae Ngat Basin It is an area that is fertile and suitable for agriculture.
Chiang Mai has many types of forests, including hill evergreen forest, dry evergreen forest, mixed deciduous forest, mixed deciduous dipterocarp forest, pine forest and red forest, etc. The forest area consists of natural forest, forest plantation and natural regeneration forest. There are forest areas in Chiang Mai province of 12,222,395 rai, representing 69.93% of the total area of the province. It is divided into 25 national forest reserves, 14 national parks, 4 wildlife sanctuaries, 2 national parks and no hunting zones. 1 wildlife and Chiang Mai province is also regarded as the province that has the closest urban area to the national park area in the country as well. National Parks in Chiang Mai Province are:
Doi Inthanon National Park
Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
Mae Ping National Park
Ob Luang National Park
Huai Nam Dang National Park
Sri Lanna National Park
Doi Wiang Pha National Park
Mae Ta Krai National Park
Pha Daeng National Park
Mae Tho National Park
Mae Fang National Park
Obkhan National Park
Mae Wang National Park
In addition, Chiang Mai has problems with forest resources occurring regularly. important reasons such as illegal logging Invasion for agriculture and forest fires.
Chiang Mai has an important river, the Ping River, and has two large water sources, the Mae Kuang Udom Thara Dam. Doi Saket District and Mae Ngat Somboon Chon Dam, Mae Taeng District.
Chiang Mai Province is home to the following consulates: Consulate Generals of the United States of America, Japan, the People’s Republic of China, India and the Consulate General of Myanmar. Honorary Consulates include: Honorary Consulates of Germany, Portugal, France, Australia, Austria, Canada, Italy, Peru, Bangladesh, Sweden, Greece, South Korea, Philippines, Finland, Netherlands and Honorary Consulate of Switzerland.
Population in Chiang Mai 91.8 percent Buddhism, 5.6% Christianity, 1.17% Islam, 0.02% Hindu and Sikhism, and 1.41% other.
In the World Best Award-Top 10 Cities survey from readers of Travel and Leisure, a US travel magazine in 2010, Chiang Mai was the second most attractive city in the world, behind only Bangkok. 2009 Chiang Mai was ranked as the 5th most attractive city in the world, considering its location, scenery, beauty and shady. Arts, culture and traditions, food, shopping friendliness of people, value for money, etc.
Chiang Mai tradition (ประเพณีภาคเหนือ) Chiang Mai has a long history. Chiang Mai people have continually accumulated cultural traditions inherited from their ancestors. Most of them are related to Buddhism and traditional beliefs. Important traditions include:
Muang New Year (Songkran) is held between April 13-15 every year. It is an important and great tradition of Chiang Mai people. Divided into day 13 as Sangkhan Long Day There is a procession of Phra Phuttha Sihing And the ceremony to bathe the Buddha image on the 14th day is a rotten day, the villagers will prepare their belongings to the temple and pour water on the elders the next day, and on April 15th, the tradition of pouring water on the elders and splashing water throughout the festival.
Yi Peng tradition It is held during Loy Krathong every year. around November There are home decorations and places. with different types of lamps A floating lantern was released. There is a floating Krathong Krathong and Nang Noppamas Contest.
Tradition to enter Inthakhin Held from May to June at Chedi Luang Temple It is the worship of the city pillar by bringing flowers, incense and candles to the flower bowl.
Bo Sang Umbrella Festival It is held in January every year. at the Bo Sang Umbrella HandicraftCenter San Kamphaeng District There are displays and sales of local products. There are cultural performances, processions, folk traditions.
Flower Festival It is held on the first Sunday of February every year. Buak Haad Park There is a parade of flowers and beauty queen.
Wood carving house offering Held in January At Tawai Village, Hang Dong District, wood carvings are sold and demonstrated. and local handicrafts.
Tradition of crutches parade It is held in April on the 15th day of every year at the downtown area of Chom Thong. There are more than 40 parades from communities, department stores, groups of various groups, marching along Muang Chom Thong, Chom Thong District, to Wat Phra That Si Chom Thong Worawihan. It is a tradition that has been passed down for over 200 years. According to legend, it happened in Chom Thong District. It is the first of Thailand and the only one in the world. Tradition of the Bodhi crutches parade became the prototype of the Lanna crutches parade until popular throughout the North and is a tradition that has begun to become famous and has been very popular.
Natural attractions: Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Chiang Dao District, Doi Mon Jong, Omkoi District, Doi Ang Khang, Fang District, Doi Tao Lake, Doi Tao District, Fang Hot Springs, Fang District, San Kamphaeng Hot Springs, Mae On District, Mae Taeng Elephant Camp, Mae Taeng District, Mon Chaem, Mae Rim District, Queen Sirikit Botanical Garden, Mae Rim District, Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park, Mae Ai District, Doi Suthep-Pui National Park Mueang Chiang Mai District, Ob Luang National Park, Hot District, Doi Inthanon National Park, Chom Thong District Mae Ngad Somboon Chon Dam, Mae Taeng District g
General attractions: Mueang Chiang Mai District, Phuping Krachaniwet Palace, Chiang Mai Zoo Chiang Mai Night Safari, Royal Park Ratchaphruek, Chiang Mai National Museum, Walking Street – There are two important places., Wua Lai Road, between the Chiang Mai Gates Arrive at Hai Ya Gate (Saturday), Ratchadamnoen Road between Tha Phae Gate Arrive at Wat Phra Singh (Sunday), Nimmanhaemin Road, Chiang Mai Night Bazaar.
North food (อาหารเหนือ) local food It is a popular food. Many great menus from the north You are in the middle of the valley where the weather is cool. Served with many different types of dipping sauces, pungent flavor, eaten with warm sticky rice. Northern food has been influenced by the Lanna kingdom. and Northeast until it was praised and dubbed as Lan Na rice. The difference between northern food And Isan food is the taste of northern food. It is not hot like Isan people. It has a milder, salty and sour taste, but not sweet. Famous dishes include Khao Soi, Hang Lay Curry and Sai Oua.
Vegetables commonly used in cooking are kae, bon, yak kluai, and sweet vegetables. Northern cuisine is unique in that it combines the cultural mix of various ethnic groups such as Chinese Hor, Tai Lue, Thai Yai, and indigenous peoples. There are many methods of cooking, such as curry, stirring, screening, frying, spinning, piping, boiling, and lowering. Northern food is often cooked very much, such as stir-fried vegetables. Often stir-fried until the vegetables are soft. Khantoke in the north is a charming, unique, delicious recipe, along with local vegetables. These usually consist of Kaeng Kae, Hang Lei, Kaeng Ho, Kanom Jeen Nam Ngiao, and Khao Soi, among others.
North food Due to the relatively cold climate, most of the northern dishes are very fatty, such as Gang Hung Lay, Nam Prik Ong and Sai Oua. These northern dishes were invented by northern people’s wisdom. To help the body to be warm to withstand the cold climate.
Northern tradition and northern culture Born from a combination of lifestyle and religion, it is unique and varies according to the season. There are festivals held every month such as Songkran Tradition, Wan Nao, Wan Ya Wan, Nang Maeo Parade, Poi Noi Tradition, Kaew Luk Ordination Tradition, Poi Luang Tradition, Yi Peng Tradition, Lantern Festival Tradition, Tan Tung Tradition. and the tradition of lottery cones.
Northeast called in Thai “ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ” The northeastern region is characterized by a split. from the northern and central regions prominently This is because the uplift of the land on the west and south creates a steep edge along the western Petchabun Mountains. The southern part is a steep edge along the San Kamphaeng and Phanom Dong Rak mountain ranges. The central part of this district is characterized by a basin similar to the bottom of a pan called the Korat basin, with the Chi and Mun rivers flowing through.
There are still many open plains, such as Thung Kula Ronghai, Thung Dog Hung, with the Phu Phan Thod mountain range. The long curve tends to the northeast of the region. Beyond the Phu Phan mountain range to the north, there is a low subsidence basin called the Sakon Nakhon Basin, resulting in many areas becoming swamps such as Nong Han Nai in Sakon Nakhon Province, Nong Prajak Nai in Udon Thani Province and Nong Yat Nai in Nakhon Phanom Province. Etc. The plateau area will be elevated in the west and the south. and slope towards southeast into the Mekong River The major rivers that flow through the Northeastern Plateau are the Chi River, the Mun River and its tributaries. which flows from the west into the Mekong River in the east.
Northeastern region covers an area of 160,000 square kilometers. It is half the size of Germany. The northeastern region is located on the Korat and Sakon Nakhon Basin. The slope is from the Phetchabun mountain range in the west of the region. down to the Mekong which separates Laos in the north and east of the region and the south is bordered by Cambodia by the Phanom Dong Rak mountain range The Korat basin is located in the lower northeastern region. The main rivers are the Mun River and the Chi River. The northern part of the Korat Basin extends to the Sakon Nakhon Basin and is blocked by the Phu Phan Mountain Range. The Sakon Nakhon Basin has the main rivers, the Loei River and the Songkhram River. The soil in the Northeast is mostly sandy. as well as a large number of salt deposits
The terrain of the northeastern region is flat. some are mountains especially in the central part of the region such as Kalasin Province Khon Kaen Province Chaiyaphum Province Nakhon Phanom Province Nakhon Ratchasima Province and Bueng Kan Province The highest point of the northeastern region is at Phu Luang Peak, 1,835 meters above sea level. Located in Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary (Loei Province)
Mountains and rivers in the Northeast The main tributaries of the Mekong River in Thailand are the Mun River and the Chi River. The Mun River flows from Khao Yai National Park in Nakhon Ratchasima Province. and flows to the east confluence with the Mekong River in Ubon Ratchathani Province Another river is the Chi River, which flows through the central part of the Northeast. before flowing south to converge with the Mun River in Sisaket Province, the Loei River and the Songkhram River. It is also a tributary of the Mekong River. The Loei River flows north through Loei Province. and the Songkhram River flows east through Udon Thani Province. Sakon Nakhon Province Nakhon Phanom Province and Nong Khai Province
The average temperature range in the Northeast is from 30.2 degrees Celsius to 19.6 degrees Celsius, the highest recorded temperature is 43.9 degrees Celsius in Udon Thani Province. The lowest temperature is -1.4 degrees Celsius in Sakon Nakhon Province.
The total population of the Northeastern region in 2010 was approximately 21,305,000 people, 40% of the population was in Nakhon Ratchasima. Ubon Ratchathani Province Udon Thani Province and Khon Kaen Province The province has a municipality with the same name as the province, known as the “Four Big Cities of Isan“. In 2010, the population of the four municipalities was Nakhon Ratchasima Municipality 142,169, Udon Thani Municipality 137,979. , Khon Kaen Municipality 113,828 people, and Ubon Ratchathani Municipality 83,148 people. However, in 2010, only 50% of the population in this region lived in municipalities. Kalasin Province is the province with the largest municipality population. Roi Et province is the least, so some of the population remains in rural areas. but live around the urban center
The main language of this region is Isan, a Lao dialect on the right bank of the Mekong River. There are approximately 15 to 23 million Isan speakers, while there are also Khmer-Thai languages. which is one of the accents of the Khmer language Used a lot in the southeastern area. The central Thai language is commonly used as an official language, especially in large cities. But it is not considered the main language. There is also a Thai accent in Korat. Used to speak in Nakhon Ratchasima and nearby provinces with about 10,000 users.
Northeastern map It is a large plain in the center of Laem Thong. or Indo-Pacific It is between the longitude of 101 degrees and 105 degrees east and latitude 14 degrees and 18 degrees 30 minutes north. There are mountains framed around the area on almost every side. Therefore, the condition is a plateau area separated from the central region and the east with a mountain range and the great forest The Mekong River is blocked in the north and east. and is the border line between Thailand and Laos historically In ancient times, this region used to be the Khmer Empire before it fell to Thailand. So at present there are Khmer people. and tribute mixed with the Thai people in the south of the region The northern and eastern parts There were some Vietnamese people coming into the mix. especially after the Great East Asia War. There have been many Vietnamese immigrants to live in. In addition, there are common nationalities, both genuine Chinese and hybrids, due to the fact that the area is a plateau. The weather is very hot and cold. The ground does not store water, so it is dry. The vast area is forest and grassland. However, in the later period, when there were more irrigation projects, This made this region become the second source of breadbasket after the central region. in geopolitical The northeastern region is in the Kranab region of Laos and Cambodia. Contact with Laos is convenient along the border. because only the Mekong River is blocked and the people are the same tribe as Thailand As for the Khmer Phanom Dong Rak mountain range is completely blocked. Contact was confined to various channels through steep hills. and is always a long line The northeastern region has an area of approximately 155,400 square kilometers. or about a third of the area of Thailand and has a population of about a third of the country’s population.
Thailand is officially known as Kingdom of Thailand It is a nation-state located in Southeast Asia. Formerly known as “Siam”, the government officially changed its name to Thailand since 1939. Thailand is the 50th largest in the world with an area of 513,120 square kilometersand the 20th largest population in the world, approximately 69 million. People border with Burma to the north and west. Laos to the north and east Eastern Cambodia and Malaysia in the south Bangkok is the center of public administration and the country’s largest city. and regional governance Organized into 76 provinces Despite the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy in 1932, the military still plays a high role in Thai politics. The last coup was in 2014.
Evidence of continuous inhabitants in present-day Thailand since 20,000 BC. Tai people began to migrate to this area in the 11th century and came to set up important provinces, including Sukhothai Kingdom Lanna and Ayutthaya Kingdoms Historians often regard the Sukhothai Kingdom as the starting point of Thai history. Later, the Ayutthaya Kingdom gradually gained more power until it became a regional power in the late 14th century instead of the Khmer Empire. Ayutthaya Kingdom was able to annex Sukhothai as part of it. Contacts with the West began with a Portuguese diplomat in 1511. A war with Burma led to the loss of the city in 1569, but King Naresuan the Great He declared independence in 15 years. The kingdom was very prosperous during the reign of King Narai the Great. But after that, the power gradually deteriorated due in part to the turn of the land with many bloody reigns. Until finally, Ayutthaya was completely destroyed in 1767, King Krungthonburi. He gathered the land that had been split into various kingdoms and established the Thonburi kingdom that was 15 years old. The chaos in the late kingdom led to his execution by King Buddha Yodfa Chulalok the Great. The beginning of the Chakri dynasty of Rattanakosin.
Early Rattanakosin The empire was able to deal with threats from neighboring nations. but after the reign of King Mongkut Western nations have become very influential in the region. This led to the entry into a series of unjust treaties beginning with the Bowring Treaty, yet Siam was not colonized by any Western nations. Siam was modernized and consolidated its ruling power during the reign of King Chulalongkorn. Siam joined the Allies in World War I in 1917; In 1932, a revolution took place, transforming the government into a constitutional monarchy without blood loss. The People’s Party plays a leading role in politics. And in the Buddhist decade of 1937, Prime Minister Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram implemented intense nationalist policies. during World War II Thailand joins the Axis powers But most of the Allies did not accept a declaration of war. Thailand is allied with the United States, which supports the military government. A coup led by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat in 1957 brought the country into a total military dictatorship. The government restored royal power and implemented anti-communist policies in the region. The outcome of the events of October 14, 1973 resulted in a brief parliamentary democracy, but after the events of October 6 and the 1976 coup, Thailand returned to military dictatorship. “Half-leaf democracy” Thailand had a prime minister elected for the first time in 1988. After the 1997 Buddhist decade, there was a political crisis between supporters and opposition to former Prime Minister Thaksin. Shinawatra until now including two coups The last time was born in 2014, the current constitution is the 20th, promulgated on April 6, 2017.
Thailand is located in the middle of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. and also on the Malay Peninsula It lies between 5° to 21° North latitude and 97° to 106° East longitude. It borders on the east with Laos and Cambodia. The south borders Malaysia and the Gulf of Thailand. West facing the Andaman Sea and Burma and the north borders Burma and Laos The Mekong River is blocked in some parts. Thailand has an area of 513,115 square kilometers. It is ranked 51st in the world and 3rd in Southeast Asia. after Indonesia and Myanmar Thailand has a maritime zone according to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982, more than 323,488 square kilometers. It has a long coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. and the Andaman side, including the northern Malacca Strait. The total length of the coastline in Thailand is 3,148 kilometers.
Thailand has a diverse landscape. The northern region is a complex high mountain area. The highest point in Thailand is Doi Inthanon at 2,565 meters above sea level and is also covered by forests, which are important watersheds of the country. The northeastern region is mainly the area of the Korat Plateau. The condition of the soil is quite arid and less conducive to cultivation. The central region is a floodplain. with the Chao Phraya River The largest river in the country, formed by the Ping and Nan rivers that converge at Pak Nam Pho. Nakhon Sawan Province making the central region the most fertile and is regarded as one of the world’s most important rice-growing areas :103 The southern part is part of the Malay Peninsula :22. flanked by the sea on both sides There is a narrow point at the Kra Isthmus and then expands into the Malay Peninsula. Songkhla Lake is the largest lake in Thailand. The western part is the valleys and mountain ranges that lie from the western part of the North.
In 2017, Thailand had 35.38 million foreign tourists. The number of foreign tourists has grown rapidly from 336,000 foreigners and 54,000 military personnel in 1967. The most are China, Malaysia, South Korea, Japan and Laos.
The Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) is the country’s tourism promotion agency established in 1979. In addition, the government has also set up a tourist police to facilitate foreign tourists.
Thailand has 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, namely the historical city of Ayutthaya. Sukhothai historical city and satellite city Ban Chiang Archaeological Site Thung Yai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary and Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest
Thailand was ranked ninth in the world for the number of foreign tourists in 2016. The 2015 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report ranked Thailand 35th out of 141 countries. Natural Resources and Tourist Service Infrastructure but scores low for environmental sustainability and safety and security.
Prostitution and sex tourism are part of the economy. 2003 estimates valued US$4.3 billion, or about 3 percent of the economy. At least 10 percent of tourist money is believed to be used for prostitution.
Thai Food: Rice and chilli are now the most important ingredients of Thai food. Other ingredients include garlic, lime juice and fish sauce. Thai food is basically brown rice and brown rice. The most famous dish of Thai people is mackerel chili paste, along with a side dish. supplied as a set. Many Thai dishes contain coconut milk and fresh turmeric, similar to Indian food. Malaysia and Indonesia. Many types of Thai food are originally Chinese dishes such as congee, steamed buns, rice noodles, topped with rice and pork leg, soy bean paste, soy sauce and tofu. Thai food is eaten with many dipping sauces and condiments such as chili fish sauce, chili powder, chicken sauce, chili sauce, and sides. Australian chef David Thompson says Thai food is not simple but emphasizes “arranging incompatible parts to create a well-rounded meal.
Thailand is known for its street food. Street food features quick-assembling dishes such as stir-fried basil, stir-fried kale, papaya salad, noodles, and Kanom Jeen. In 2011, CNNgo ranked the 50 most delicious dishes in the world by Facebook vote. Massaman was chosen as the most delicious food in the world.
Thai people consume rice as their staple food. Two popular types are sticky rice and non-glutinous rice. Thai people in the northeastern region and northern regions prefer to eat sticky rice mainly. As for Thai people in the central and southern regions, they prefer to eat Chao Yao rice. Thailand is a country that has been associated with the river for a long time. Makes the food of Thai kitchen mainly consists of fish, such as grilled fish, grilled fish, dipping sauces, eaten with fresh vegetables that can be found in the swamps and forests. If you can’t eat all the fish, it can be processed to be stored for a long time, whether it is Dried fish, salted fish, pickled fish, pickled fish, and spicy food from chili Thailand has been brought as a seasoning from the Portuguese monks in the reign of King Narai. The fried food Received from Chinese immigrants to Thailand during the Rattanakosin period.
when raising animals for sale as a profession and having a slaughterhouse causing more meat to be eaten Various spices are used to help neutralize the fishy smell of the meat that is used in cooking. Spices that Thai people like to use in this type of cooking are ginger, galingale, which has been used to deodorize fishy smells for a long time. It is applied to the meat of cattle and buffalo as a new recipe for Thai people as well.
North food or called in Thai (อาหารเหนือ), special menu from the north in the middle of the mountain valley With cool and rainy weather, no food served in this region would be complete without a dipping sauce. The pungent flavor and warm glutinous rice are very influential and fascinated by the Lanna and Isan kingdoms. Lanna cuisine refers to dishes from the northern regions of Thailand, which are Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Phayao, Lampang, Nan and Phrae in this region.